January 16, 2020

Addressing Africa’s Skills Mismatch

Trustworthy and indepth news stories are more important now than ever.
Support our newsroom by MAKING A CONTRIBUTION HERE

Africa’s youth bulge is a major asset, with the potential to drive growth and development for decades to come. But if the continent’s young people are unable to find jobs suited to their education and skills, it could become a serious liability.

ABIDJAN – While much of the world struggles with rapid population aging, Africa is experiencing the opposite trend. With 60% of the continent’s population under the age of 25, African leaders must ensure not only that a sufficient number of quality jobs are available, but also that young people receive the education and training necessary to fill these positions. And when it comes to the latter imperative, much action is needed.

Mismatches between available jobs and the skills and qualifications of the workforce are widespread across Africa. According to a recent African Development Bank study of ten countries – Benin, Republic of Congo, Egypt, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia – a majority of young Africans are undereducated for their jobs, and nearly one-third are under-skilled. Moreover, young people who are over-skilled or overeducated for their current positions are underpaid and frustrated by their limited career opportunities and wasted or deteriorating talents.

Undereducated youth do enjoy a wage premium, but it comes at the cost of job satisfaction. The underskilled suffer from the pressure of trying to keep up with the requirements of their job, and from the constant fear of losing it. Eventually, underskilled youth suffer “scarring,” or lasting damage to their economic circumstances and prospects. They accept mismatched jobs out of desperation rather than waiting, unemployed, for more suitable positions that may never come.

Given the magnitude and persistence of job-skill mismatches, and their adverse effects on individuals and economies, reducing them should be a top priority for African governments. The first step is to improve access to education.

Though many African countries have made significant progress in boosting education rates in recent years, many young people, especially girls and rural dwellers, receive only limited schooling, or none at all. Furthermore, even 38% of employed youth never attended school for economic reasons, and another 12% because there was no school nearby.

Governments can make a difference by investing in educational infrastructure: building new schools and renovating old ones, improving working conditions for teachers, and upgrading school equipment, including information and computer technology. At the same time, they should eliminate primary-school fees, limit the costs of secondary and tertiary education, and finance scholarship programs.

African governments must also do a better job of supporting young people in their transition from education to employment. As it stands, very few young Africans, employed or not, receive job-seeking advice from the government or employment agencies.

To improve young workers’ prospects, governments should help to disseminate information on available jobs, and create incentives (such as tax breaks or subsidies) for firms to offer internships and apprenticeships to graduates. Where such arrangements already exist, governments should strengthen their impact by broadening their reach and mandate, advertising them more widely, and investing in monitoring and impact measurement.

Finally, for such programs to work, young graduates need the knowledge and skills that the labor market demands. African employers often complain about the difficulty of finding candidates with specialized training in the so-called STEM disciplines (science, technology, engineering, and math), as well as complex problem-solving and communication skills. And nearly 40% of those surveyed did not consider their education useful in finding employment.

The African Development Bank has taken the lead in creating opportunities for African youth in ICT by providing financing to Carnegie Mellon University Africa in Rwanda, which was established in 2011 to serve as a center of excellence and a regional ICT hub for East Africa. This institution, in collaboration with the Rwandan government, has established an innovation incubator to help students create their own businesses.

Addressing the mismatch problem will require African governments to foster more demand-driven, forward-looking education and skills training. For example, they can create forums for companies to communicate their needs regularly to educational and training institutions, which would then adapt curricula accordingly. The result would be a new generation of attractive local candidates, thereby mitigating a severe constraint on firms’ ability to expand output and create jobs.

Africa’s youth bulge is a major asset, with the potential to drive economic growth and development for decades to come. But if the continent’s young people are unproductive, frustrated, and desperate, it could become a major liability that undermines economic prosperity, social progress, and even political stability. The outcome in the coming years will depend on the policies that African governments adopt now.

Hanan Morsy is Director of the African Development Bank’s Macroeconomic Policy, Forecasting, and Research Department.

The text has been adapted from Project Syndicate website

We can't do quality journalism without your support

Perhaps it goes without saying — but producing quality journalism isn't cheap. At a time when newsroom resources and revenue are declining, The Chronicles remains committed to "Serving Your Right To Know The Truth". Stand with us as we document Rwanda's remarkable journey for you and the future generation. Do you value our journalism? We can't do it without you. Show us with your support by CONTRIBUTING HERE.
Email your news TIPS to info@chronicles.rw or WhatsApp +250788351327.
You can also find us on Signal


  1. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It absolutely useful
    and it has aided me out loads. I hope to give a
    contribution & aid other customers like its helped me.
    Good job.

  2. My spouse and I absolutely love your blog and find almost all of your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for.

    Would you offer guest writers to write content for you?
    I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on some
    of the subjects you write in relation to here. Again, awesome website!

  3. Ahaa, its good conversation on the topic of this piece of writing here at this web site,
    I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting at this place.

  4. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement?
    My website has a lot of unique content I’ve either authored
    myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of
    it is popping it up all over the internet without my agreement.
    Do you know any techniques to help reduce content from being ripped off?
    I’d genuinely appreciate it.

  5. Hello, I believe your site could be having internet browser compatibility problems.

    Whenever I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks
    fine however, when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues.

    I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!
    Besides that, fantastic site!

  6. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message
    home a bit, but other than that, this is magnificent blog.
    A great read. I’ll certainly be back.

  7. Your style is very unique in comparison to other people I’ve read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this blog.

  8. My spouse and I stumbled over here different web address and thought I might check things out.

    I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to finding out about your web page repeatedly.

  9. Everything is very open with a very clear clarification of the challenges.
    It was truly informative. Your site is very helpful.
    Thanks for sharing!

  10. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this,
    like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is great
    blog. A fantastic read. I will definitely be back.

  11. Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up fast! What host are you using?
    Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish
    my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  12. Greetings from Florida! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to check out your site on my
    iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the info you present
    here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at
    how fast your blog loaded on my phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just
    3G .. Anyways, wonderful blog!

  13. Heya! I know this is somewhat off-topic however I
    needed to ask. Does running a well-established website like yours take a massive
    amount work? I am completely new to writing a blog but I do
    write in my journal everyday. I’d like to start a blog so
    I can share my personal experience and feelings online.

    Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for new aspiring blog owners.
    Appreciate it!

  14. Thanks for a marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed
    reading it, you could be a great author. I will remember to
    bookmark your blog and definitely will come back someday.

    I want to encourage you to continue your great job, have a nice afternoon!

  15. Normally I do not read article on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very pressured me to
    check out and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me.
    Thanks, very great post.

  16. Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the web the easiest
    thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they just do not know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal.
    Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  17. Howdy! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so
    I came to take a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and
    will be tweeting this to my followers! Great blog and outstanding design and style.

  18. Excellent blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There
    are so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed ..

    Any tips? Cheers!

  19. Hi, i feel that i noticed you visited my website
    so i came to return the want?.I am attempting to in finding issues to improve my website!I
    guess its good enough to make use of some of your concepts!!

  20. Hello there! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d
    ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa?
    My blog covers a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel
    we could greatly benefit from each other. If you might be interested feel
    free to shoot me an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you!
    Superb blog by the way!

  21. For travel planning and flights, we haven’t integrated any type of travel widget or link to flights as much as we have with accommodation types like hostels, Airbnb and
    hotels. website link That
    said, I only recommend FabFitFun’s affiliate program if you’re also interested in their subscription box
    yourself. http://www.gainprofile.Com Marketers must develop a balance of building a unique value
    proposition (UVP) and brand voice as they test and build marketing campaigns on various channels.

  22. This means they’re likely to find real brand advocates who love the products and actively want to
    promote them. http://www.uwe-nielsen.de/ You’ll also need to decide whether to focus on promoting lots of products to increase your earnings, or
    few products that have a higher commission. http://www.aquilotiene.com You
    can include an affiliate link in templated emails,
    direct users to a blog post with an affiliate link, or both.
    check that

  23. Les gouvernements ont dernièrement discuté de l’imposition de
    davantage de réglementations pour éviter ce
    type de situation, mais le changement ne devrait pas s’effectuer avant quelques années.
    consultez-le Le
    grand nombre de fournisseurs de logiciel alimentés par ce site lui
    confère une ludothèque riche et diversifiée.
    cliquez Les meilleurs casinos en ligne
    proposent une large gamme de machines à sous, des classiques à 3
    rouleaux aux titres vidéo modernes offrant des dizaines de lignes de paiement.

  24. Paraguays Diktator Francisco Solano López erklärt ihm den Krieg, weil seine Truppen vom argentinischen Präsidenten Bartolomé
    Mitre keine Durchmarschrechte durch die argentinische Provinz Corrientes erhalten. ladder2Leader.Com Vor der allgemeinen Impfempfehlung waren in Deutschland durchschnittlich
    etwa 750.000 Erkrankungen pro Jahr zu erwarten, die vor
    allem während saisonaler Häufungen im Winter und Frühjahr auftraten. jasperradioclub.com Die erste Staffel der Serie
    wurde überwiegend positiv aufgenommen. Weblink

  25. 1628-1630: Mehrere Pestzüge fordern in Bregenz (30 Todesopfer), Dornbirn (820 Tote/ 40 Tote),
    Lauterach (55 Tote), Lustenau, Götzis, Altenstadt (100 Tote),
    Tosters, Feldkirch (175 Tote), Frastanz (100 Tote), Bludenz, Nenzing und im Montafon (100 Tote) zahlreiche Opfer.
    urbino.fh-Joanneum.At Seit 1993 beginnt an diesem Tag die Amtszeit des lettischen Präsidenten. Mehr Informationen erhalten Aus der
    internen Kompromisssuche von Bundesregierung und Bundesbank sowie
    den anschließenden Verhandlungen zwischen beiden Regierungsspitzen ergab sich am 2.
    Mai 1990 die letztgültige Regelung: Laufende Einkommen und Rentenzahlungen wurden im Verhältnis 1:
    1 umgestellt; Sparguthaben und Verbindlichkeiten (so auch die
    Unternehmensschulden) generell 2:1. etehnik.ru

  26. Une offre de remboursement en cashback permet aux joueurs éligibles de
    récupérer une partie de leurs dépôts. redirigé Ici Sans cette licence, la plateforme et vous-même utilisateur courez le risque d’être poursuivi en justice pour fraude et blanchiment
    d’argent. mantradhwani.com De
    plus, une licence n’est délivrée que si un casino remplit plusieurs conditions.

  27. ↑ Fahrt mit der S-Bahn durch das Berlin von 1947 – Fotos: Harry Croner | Stadtmuseum Berlin: 7:00: Unter den S-Bahn-Gleisen Bhf.
    http://dreambeach.co.kr/bbs/board.php?bo_table=free&wr_id=9488 Das Kind wurde unverzüglich medizinisch versorgt; gegen die Mutter wurde Anzeige erstattet
    und das Jugendamt wurde informiert. http://swhtc.co.kr/bbs/board.php?bo_table=free&wr_id=7520 Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland nimmt als größte Volkswirtschaft Europas
    in der Europäischen Union eine Führungsrolle ein. mehr Infos hier

  28. Dans la majorité des cas, comptez environ 3 minutes pour effectuer cette procédure et pour être crédité automatiquement de votre
    bonus de bienvenue casino en ligne. adultads.online Or,
    ces providers intermédiaires ont en générale des frais plus élevés
    que sur un wallet. Plus d’informations Le casino en ligne connait un réel
    essor en France, offrant des possibilités de divertissement
    passionnant au-delà des salles de casino terrestre.

  29. You only need to serve your audience by offering products you know and trust.
    jbceye.com It’s the
    program that most affiliate marketers choose when they first start out.
    http://keyforgenearyou.com.tw Commission Factory is also optimized for the future of affiliate marketing, with their cookieless and click-less tracking, making it the best affiliate
    network for publishers concerned about the impact
    of cookie deprecation. web link

  30. Bien sûr, toutes ces options de paiement sont sécurisées,
    garantissant la protection de vos informations personnelles et financières lorsque
    vous misez sur les jeux d’argent. allez sur le site web Le
    jeu d’argent en ligne est-il légal en France? Etehnik.Ru Que les joueurs soient d’humeur à jouer aux machines à sous, aux jeux de table ou
    aux croupiers en direct, Bizzo Casino a tout ce qu’il faut.

  31. This leads to something called “popup fatigue,” and it can train your site’s
    visitors to ignore the messaging on your popups.
    clrobur.com 91%
    of influencers are gifted free products while 59% have their content reposted by brands, which
    exposes their content to a wider audience. wiki.mb.hochschule-stralsund.de Perhaps the most significant part to remember is that
    pay-per-call offers can pay several hundred dollars (typically, US currency gets used)
    for a single lead. http://dermaniaplus.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=free&wr_id=453349

  32. Over 10 million people and businesses have chosen Wise over using banks,
    PayPal, or traditional providers because it’s a cheaper, faster, and simpler
    approach. 2j1b71nnrg1ue.com Don’t try to sell anything right away; get
    people to appreciate your content. I thought about this With this feature, store
    owners can get to know clearly all information periodically, including best sellers, affiliate accounts, and sales.

  33. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you
    relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just
    posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  34. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and
    wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I
    hope you write again soon!

  35. Loyalty Programs – Some merchants offer loyalty programs where customers
    can earn rewards for making purchases or completing certain actions.
    visit FlexOffers has an extremely large number of advertisers and offers millions of products and while this
    can be a good thing it may also mean the barrier to entry is low.

    Sites 3.
    You receive the agreed-upon commission. Continue

  36. Aside from that, this theme comes with several WooCommerce modules that can create unique product pages.
    While online customer behavior can be wildly different from in-store or
    offline marketing, many businesses have seen success bridging the gap between the two and marketing
    in-store promotions online and visa-versa. Find Out Here Now If they do, then its time to improvise and if they don’t its
    time to think of something unique to reward your website visitors
    for signing up to a forex broker. ttlink.com

  37. S’ils ne cessent d’être conçus et surtout améliorés, c’est bien grâce aux efforts des meilleurs développeurs de logiciels.
    ttlink.com Pour ne rien gâcher, le site a fait l’objet d’une réalisation technique de tout premier ordre et il ne faudra pas
    plus de quelques minutes pour en maîtriser toutes les fonctionnalités.

    leur explication ↑ Le Nouvel Obs – Où habitent les peoples:
    Refuges dorés. https://hanamsil.kr

  38. Heinz Helmert und Hansjürgen Usczeck, ostdeutsche Historiker des Militärverlags der DDR, gingen später von insgesamt 81.000 Rückkehrern und Versprengten aus, die sich
    bis Dezember 1812 wieder über die Grenze schleppten. prüfen Sie meinen Blog Das preußische Offizierskorps
    galt aufgrund des Anciennitätsprinzips allgemein als
    überaltert. probieren Sie diese Webseite April bei Abensberg
    und am 22. http://www.hackamoresaddlery.com

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *