October 31, 2020

Ombudsman Says: Corrupt “Big Fish” are Sophisticated, Have Protection Networks and Lots of Cash

Trustworthy and indepth news stories are more important now than ever.
Support our newsroom by MAKING A CONTRIBUTION HERE
Ombudsman Anastase Murekezi is also a former Prime Minister.

Despite all the laws and tough actions against corruption, the people involved are not easy to catch, the Ombudsman Anastase Murekezi has admitted.

In past year, President Paul Kagame has upped the rhetoric against corruption, and several high ranking officials including Ministers have either been fired or facing prosecution.

Kagame is dealing with what are called “big fish” or “Ibifi binini” in the local Kinyarwanda political discussion. Every year, the Auditor General’s reports show that billions of taxpayers money disappear, but those jailed are people paying bribes of as low as Rwf 2,000 ($2.1).

The sentiments about how the public feels about the corruption fight, are passionately evident on radio talk-shows where people can call in anonymously, and social media. The general belief is that those eating big are never touched.

Appearing before Parliament this past week, Ombudsman Murekezi, as usual, attempted to put on a brave face when addressing the issue of “big fish”. He clearly sounded powerless to do anything.

“Evidence is there to speak for itself that corrupt people are not going scot-free. The downside though is that we are also aware that the culprits we have caught are those taking small amounts,” said Murekezi.

And then he made the admission: “People taking big bribes are not easy to capture. They have money, are powerful, very sophisticated in how they conduct their activities, and have protection networks.”

Murekezi said when the powerful individuals get involved in corrupt scheme, they would have already thought ahead what to expect and how they will handle questioning from different anti-corruption agencies.

He said: “They would have carefully planned how they will respond in case summoned by RIB, or how they will deal with questions raised by Ombudsman, or the [National Public Prosecution Authority]. They will have planned how much to offer Police officers to make them friends. Intercepting ‘big fish’ who are government officials or businesspeople is not an easy undertaking, but we are making progress.”

Analysis done by The Chronicles of data of the period from 2016 from different agencies shows not much is happening to these powerful people.

ALSO READ: Rwanda’s Corrupt: Its Men, Young and ONLY “Small Fish”

Last month, court in an unusually rushed prosecution sentenced infrastructure ministry official Robert Nyamvumba, to six years and a whooping Rwf 21.6billion ($22m). He is alleged to have asked for a bribe from an Italian contractor.

However, what didn’t widely feature in the local media from the barrage of reporting about the case is that during the court proceedings, Nyamvumba told court that he never dealt with the Italian contractor. Instead, that his role was to link the Italian with a person he identified as Niyomugabo Jean Damascene, who is a local businessman.

It could suggest Nyamvumba may have been aware the businessman is connected, and couldn’t refuse being the one calling the Italian to come to Kigali for a crucial meeting where the alleged bribe was worked out. While Nyamvumba, young brother of former internal security minister Gen Patrick Nyamvumba, is serving a long sentence, the said businessman remains untouched.

Nyamvumba’s case is of those, many of which have appeared in court, where the person in the dock says the property for which they are being prosecuted is not theirs. In the local discussions, people like Nyamvumba are commonly called “abashumba”, which refers to people who look after other people’s cows.

ALSO READ: “Abashumba”: Why State Is Unable To Recover Embezzled Billions Of Taxpayers Money

Between 2016-2019, a total of 650 people have been convicted for various forms of corruption, mainly bribes. At least 96 percent of these are MEN, which seems to suggest the face of bribery here is ‘male’.

The three year data which we reviewed also shows those in jail are peasants including farmers, drivers, motorcyclists (abamotari), cyclists (abanyonzi) and small traders. Actually, over 80% on the list were accused of offering or receiving less than Rwf 30,000 ($31) bribe.

We can't do quality journalism without your support

Perhaps it goes without saying — but producing quality journalism isn't cheap. At a time when newsroom resources and revenue are declining, The Chronicles remains committed to "Serving Your Right To Know The Truth". Stand with us as we document Rwanda's remarkable journey for you and the future generation. Do you value our journalism? We can't do it without you. Show us with your support by CONTRIBUTING HERE.
Email your news TIPS to info@chronicles.rw or WhatsApp +250788351327.
You can also find us on Signal


  1. Your style is so unique in comparison to other people I’ve read stuff from.
    I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this

  2. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert
    that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way
    I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  3. Hey I am so thrilled I found your webpage, I really found you by
    mistake, while I was researching on Bing for something
    else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say
    many thanks for a marvelous post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it all at the moment
    but I have book-marked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the
    superb work.

  4. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was
    curious about your situation; we have created some nice procedures and
    we are looking to swap strategies with other folks,
    please shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  5. Your style is unique in comparison to other people I’ve read stuff from.
    I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity,
    Guess I’ll just book mark this blog.

  6. I’ve been surfing online greater than three hours nowadays, but I by no means found any
    attention-grabbing article like yours. It’s lovely price enough for me.
    In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will likely be much more useful than ever before.

  7. I do consider all the ideas you’ve introduced to your post.
    They’re really convincing and can definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are too short for starters.
    Could you please lengthen them a little from next time?
    Thank you for the post.

  8. I will right away grab your rss as I can’t find your email subscription link or newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Kindly permit me know in order that I may subscribe.

  9. Aw, this was a very nice post. Spending some time and actual effort to
    generate a very good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and never seem to get anything done.

  10. That is a very good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere. Short but very precise information… Thanks for sharing this one. A must read post!

  11. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment.
    I believe that you should publish more about this subject,
    it might not be a taboo subject but usually folks don’t discuss these subjects.
    To the next! Cheers!!

  12. Just want to say your article is as astounding. The clearness in your post is simply excellent and
    i could assume you arre an expert on this subject. Fine wit your permission let me too grab your feed
    to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the enjoyable work.

  13. I asked the seller for their best recommendation, and they said the Taj Mahal LEGO set is
    a must-have for every architecture enthusiast. awesome lego Brick kits I never thought I’d be saying
    this, but Lego has become an essential part of my adult life.
    It’s fascinating how it can be both nostalgic and innovative
    at the same time. Why use a vase of flowers when you can make one out of LEGOs?
    The perfect blend of creativity and nature.

  14. This guide shows the infinite possibilities of Lego. Lego can be used to create intricate stories, or recreate famous stadiums such as FC Barcelona’s Camp Nou.

    Great Lego Sets I made a
    LEGO ideas ship, but the boat sailed right into a sea full of imagination. Best adventure ever!
    Never in a million years did I imagine that I would ever
    be able build a Lego version of Mickey Mouse.
    This is pure magic.

  15. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very difficult to get that “perfect balance”
    between user friendliness and visual appearance.
    I must say you’ve done a amazing job with this. In addition, the blog loads super fast for me on Internet explorer.

    Superb Blog!

  16. Over 2018, the entire crypto market plunged into what is now known as the “crypto winter” – a yearlong bear market. It wasn’t until December 2020, when bitcoin returned to test the previous all-time high, that it eventually surpassed that historical level and rose a further 239% over the next 119 days to a new all-time high of $64,799. The year 2021 is still remarkable for the Baby Doge’s performance. Now in 2022, the Baby Doge coin is gaining more attention from investors. If this performance continues the Baby Doge coin is going to hit the meme coin market again. Despite its ups and downs, DOGE is still considered as an investment option among investors and it continues to be recognized as the most famous meme coin in crypto.
    CoinJar Card is a prepaid Mastercard® issued by EML Money DAC pursuant to licence by Mastercard. The e-money associated with your card is issued by EML Money DAC, authorised by the Central Bank of Ireland under the European Union (Payment Services) Regulations 2018 (Ref C95957). We recommend you consider the CoinJar Card Terms and Conditions before making any decision to acquire the product. Mastercard the circles design are registered trademarks of Mastercard International Incorporated. The spot market is where buyers and sellers come together to place bids for LTC on the open market. It’s usually the cheapest way to buy Litecoin because it lets traders set their own price. So let’s look at this exclusive list of the best Litecoin trading platforms to help you buy and or sell Litecoin.

  17. Similar low-fi security was apparent in July 2011, when the founder of a small Polish bitcoin exchange, Bitomat, announced he had “accidentally deleted the files where he kept the private keys to the Bitcoin addresses at which his customers’ 17,000 Bitcoin were stored” (Popper, 2015, p 135). If we’re going to have this debate, however, we should be clear on how Bitcoin actually consumes energy. Understanding Bitcoin’s energy consumption may not settle questions about its usefulness, but it can help to contextualize how much of an environmental impact Bitcoin advocates are really talking about making. Specifically, there are a few key misconceptions worth addressing. Concerns about Bitcoin’s energy demands have been around since the very beginning, with crypto pioneer Hal Finney tweeting about potential future CO2 emissions on 27 January 2009 – just two weeks after receiving the first ever Bitcoin transaction from the cryptocurrency’s pseudonymous creator Satoshi Nakamoto.
    The business of enabling crypto trades and profiting from the difference between buying and selling prices showered cash on market makers in the stimulus-fueled, pandemic-era bull run of 2021. Wintermute that year had $1.5 trillion of trading volume, brought in $1.05 billion in revenue and achieved profit of $582 million with a staff of just 53, according to a report. It is also noteworthy that the rise of decentralised exchanges (DEX) and non-fungible token marketplaces after 2020 due to the rapid development of smart contract technology (He and Cong 2018). They were also accompanied by significant wash trading (Victor and Weintraud 2021, Cong et al. 2022). However, because trading records are mostly recorded on the blockchain, wash trades are transparent due to the nature of blockchain data publicity. Therefore, wash trading in decentralised exchanges and non-fungible token markets is arguably less misleading and harmful than in centralised exchanges and is easier to detect.

  18. 현재 프라그마틱 게임은 iGaming에서 선도적이며 독창적이고 표준화된 콘텐츠를 제공하는 주요 제공 업체 중 하나입니다.
    프라그마틱 슬롯 무료

    프라그마틱 관련 내용 정말 재미있게 읽었어요! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 정보를 공유하고 있어요. 함께 교류하며 더 많은 지식을 쌓아가요!


  19. 프라그마틱 관련 글 읽는 것이 즐거웠어요! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱에 대한 정보를 공유하고 있어요. 함께 교류하며 더 많은 지식을 얻어봐요!
    프라그마틱 홈페이지

    프라그마틱의 무료 게임 옵션은 정말로 흥미진진한데요. 어떤 무료 게임을 추천하시나요?


  20. 프라그마틱 관련 내용 정말 재미있게 읽었어요! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 정보를 공유하고 있어요. 함께 교류하며 더 많은 지식을 쌓아가요!
    프라그마틱 슬롯

    프라그마틱 슬롯에 대한 내용이 정말 도움이 되었어요! 더불어, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 정보를 찾아보실 수 있어요. 함께 지식을 공유해보세요!


  21. 프라그마틱 플레이의 슬롯 포트폴리오는 250개 이상의 게임으로 구성되어 있으며, 33개 언어와 다양한 화폐를 통해 전 세계 시장에 제공됩니다.

    프라그마틱 관련 소식 항상 주시고 있어요! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱에 대한 정보를 얻을 수 있어요. 함께 발전하며 지식을 나눠봐요!


  22. 프라그마틱 관련 정보 감사합니다! 제 사이트에서도 유용한 정보를 공유하고 있어요. 함께 소통하면서 발전하는 모습 기대합니다!
    프라그마틱 슬롯 무료 체험

    프라그마틱에 대한 내용 정말 흥미로워요! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 정보를 공유하고 있어요. 함께 지식을 공유해보세요!


  23. Hi, i believe that i noticed you visited my
    blog so i came to return the desire?.I am trying to
    to find issues to improve my web site!I suppose its ok to make
    use of some of your ideas!!