May 10, 2022

Rwanda Allegedly Owes Industrialist Mironko Billions of Francs for Arms Supplies


Trustworthy and indepth news stories are more important now than ever.
Support our newsroom by MAKING A CONTRIBUTION HERE
Mironko François Xavier

A court action in which industrialist Mironko François Xavier has been seeking back payment owed to him by the government of Rwanda, may have finally come to an end.

Mironko is a known brand name in Rwanda, owing to his plastics factory. He is the first Rwandan to start and own a factory decades ago.

As a back and forth controversy over the plight of his plastics factory remains unresolved, Mironko’s woes appear to be getting from worse to worst.

ALSO READ: First Rwandan Factory Owner Mironko has had Enough, Reveals “Injustices” he is Experiencing

The first instance division of the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) has dismissed Mironko’s case in a decision rendered April 6, 2022.

Mironko had sought intervention of the regional court to compel the government of Rwanda to pay him 47,9900,000 Belgian Francs for Arms delivered in 1993 and 1994.

At the time Belgium was still using Francs, but currently uses the Euro. Exchanged into US dollars from that period, the value is about USD 12.5m. At current value, the amount is much bigger.

The reason Mironko went to EACJ is because he had exhausted Rwanda’s judiciary up to the Supreme Court. All the instances dismissed his case, with the highest court in Rwanda making it’s final decision on April 6, 2017.

Mironko also petitioned the Ombudsman seeking for a judicial review of Supreme Court’s decision, to no avail. The Ombudsman declined to get involved.

Mironko’s case is that sometime in 1993 and 1994, the government of Rwanda gave two companies a tender to supply it arms. The companies were: International Industries SA based in Belgium and Mironko EURAFRIC SPRL based in Luxembourg. Both companies were represented by Mironko himself.

According to court documents, Mironko claims that due to the “confidential character, the urgency of the tender and from exception circumstances that the country was crossing (SIC), the tender was awarded on mutual agreement between both parties as provided by law”.

What this essentially means is that Mironko was single sourced by the government of President Juvenal Habyarimana and probably the interim government, to supply the arms. It could also suggest that no documents were signed, and all transactions were verbal.

Obviously these arms were used by the government to battle Rwanda Patriotic Front/Army rebels of current President Paul Kagame. The same arms were used by the army to carry out the genocide against Tutsis, which the rebels fought to end.

It is therefore ironic that Mironko expects the successive government to pay for those arms.

Court documents show that Mironko was paid much of money back then, but there remained a balance of 7,100,000 Belgian Francs (or about $184,000 from the exchange rate of that period).

In its defense, the government of Rwanda through the Justice Minister and Attorney General, argued that the case was time barred and that Mironko could not prove beyond doubt that indeed he had a such a tender from the state of Rwanda.

As par the exchange rate today, the amount Mironko claims to be owed by the state of Rwanda, is in the billions of Francs. Had the court’s ruled otherwise, the Rwandan taxpayer would have had to foot the bill for arms procured to kill the very Rwandans.

Mironko can appeal to the EACJ appeals chamber if he indeed wants to recover his money whatever the circumstances.

READ FULL JUDGEMENT HERE

We can't do quality journalism without your support

Perhaps it goes without saying — but producing quality journalism isn't cheap. At a time when newsroom resources and revenue are declining, The Chronicles remains committed to "Serving Your Right To Know The Truth". Stand with us as we document Rwanda's remarkable journey for you and the future generation. Do you value our journalism? We can't do it without you. Show us with your support by CONTRIBUTING HERE.
Email your news TIPS to info@chronicles.rw or WhatsApp +250788351327.
You can also find us on Signal

376 Comments

  1. Ahaa, its good conversation about this post here at this website, I have read
    all that, so at this time me also commenting at this place.

  2. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored material
    stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an nervousness over that you wish be delivering the following.
    unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.

  3. Simply desire to say your article is as surprising. The clarity in your post is simply spectacular and i can assume you are an expert on this subject.
    Fine with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please continue the enjoyable work.

  4. Thank you, I have just been looking for information approximately
    this subject for a long time and yours is the best I’ve came upon so far.
    However, what concerning the bottom line? Are you
    certain in regards to the supply?

  5. You can definitely see your enthusiasm within the work you write.
    The sector hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe.
    All the time follow your heart.

  6. This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your great
    post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

  7. I’ll immediately clutch your rss feed as I can’t find your e-mail
    subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any?
    Please let me understand so that I may just subscribe.
    Thanks.

  8. Hi there everyone, it’s my first pay a quick visit at this web site, and
    post is in fact fruitful in support of me, keep up posting these articles or reviews.

  9. Outstanding post however I was wondering if you could write a litte more
    on this topic? I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit further.
    Appreciate it!

  10. Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up very fast!
    What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?

    I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  11. I am really loving the theme/design of your site.
    Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems?
    A couple of my blog visitors have complained about my website not operating correctly in Explorer but
    looks great in Chrome. Do you have any advice to help fix this issue?

  12. Hi! I’ve been following your weblog for some time now
    and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout
    out from Austin Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the excellent job!

  13. Hello, i feel that i noticed you visited my site thus i got here to return the prefer?.I’m
    trying to in finding issues to enhance my web site!I suppose its ok to make use of some of your concepts!!

  14. SightCare is a powerful formula that supports healthy eyes the natural way. It is specifically designed for both men and women who are suffering from poor eyesight.

  15. Quietum Plus is a 100% natural supplement designed to address ear ringing and other hearing issues. This formula uses only the best in class and natural ingredients to achieve desired results.

  16. GlucoTrust 75% off for sale. GlucoTrust is a dietary supplement that has been designed to support healthy blood sugar levels and promote weight loss in a natural way.

  17. PuraVive is a natural supplement that supports weight loss naturally. The supplement is created using the secrets of weight loss straight from Hollywood.

  18. Prostadine works really well because it’s made from natural things. The people who made it spent a lot of time choosing these natural things to help your mind work better without any bad effects.

  19. Achieve real weight loss success with ProvaSlim provides real Weight loss powder, weight gain health benefits, toxin elimination, and helps users better digestion.

  20. SonoVive™ is a 100% natural hearing supplement by Sam Olsen made with powerful ingredients that help heal tinnitus problems and restore your hearing.

  21. Скорозагружаемые здания: коммерческий результат в каждой части!
    В сегодняшнем обществе, где секунды – доллары, экспресс-конструкции стали реальным спасением для бизнеса. Эти новейшие строения обладают высокую прочность, финансовую выгоду и быстрый монтаж, что сделало их отличным выбором для разнообразных предпринимательских инициатив.
    Быстровозводимые здания цена
    1. Быстрое возведение: Минуты – важнейший фактор в деловой сфере, и сооружения моментального монтажа позволяют существенно уменьшить временные рамки строительства. Это особенно востребовано в сценариях, когда требуется быстрый старт бизнеса и получать доход.
    2. Экономичность: За счет оптимизации производства и установки элементов на месте, затраты на экспресс-конструкции часто уменьшается, чем у традиционных строительных проектов. Это позволяет сэкономить средства и добиться более высокой доходности инвестиций.
    Подробнее на https://scholding.ru
    В заключение, экспресс-конструкции – это идеальное решение для проектов любого масштаба. Они сочетают в себе быстрое строительство, экономию средств и надежность, что обуславливает их лучшим выбором для предприятий, желающих быстро начать вести бизнес и гарантировать прибыль. Не упустите возможность сократить издержки и сэкономить время, идеальные сооружения быстрого монтажа для вашего следующего начинания!

  22. Boostaro increases blood flow to the reproductive organs, leading to stronger and more vibrant erections. It provides a powerful boost that can make you feel like you’ve unlocked the secret to firm erections

  23. Neotonics is a dietary supplement that offers help in retaining glowing skin and maintaining gut health for its users. It is made of the most natural elements that mother nature can offer and also includes 500 million units of beneficial microbiome.

  24. EyeFortin is a natural vision support formula crafted with a blend of plant-based compounds and essential minerals. It aims to enhance vision clarity, focus, and moisture balance.

  25. GlucoBerry is a meticulously crafted supplement designed by doctors to support healthy blood sugar levels by harnessing the power of delphinidin—an essential compound.

  26. Dentitox Pro is a liquid dietary solution created as a serum to support healthy gums and teeth. Dentitox Pro formula is made in the best natural way with unique, powerful botanical ingredients that can support healthy teeth.

  27. Nervogen Pro, A Cutting-Edge Supplement Dedicated To Enhancing Nerve Health And Providing Natural Relief From Discomfort. Our Mission Is To Empower You To Lead A Life Free From The Limitations Of Nerve-Related Challenges. With A Focus On Premium Ingredients And Scientific Expertise.

  28. HoneyBurn is a 100% natural honey mixture formula that can support both your digestive health and fat-burning mechanism. Since it is formulated using 11 natural plant ingredients, it is clinically proven to be safe and free of toxins, chemicals, or additives.

  29. Amiclear is a dietary supplement designed to support healthy blood sugar levels and assist with glucose metabolism. It contains eight proprietary blends of ingredients that have been clinically proven to be effective.

  30. Claritox Pro™ is a natural dietary supplement that is formulated to support brain health and promote a healthy balance system to prevent dizziness, risk injuries, and disability. This formulation is made using naturally sourced and effective ingredients that are mixed in the right way and in the right amounts to deliver effective results.

  31. TropiSlim is a unique dietary supplement designed to address specific health concerns, primarily focusing on weight management and related issues in women, particularly those over the age of 40.

  32. Metabo Flex is a nutritional formula that enhances metabolic flexibility by awakening the calorie-burning switch in the body. The supplement is designed to target the underlying causes of stubborn weight gain utilizing a special “miracle plant” from Cambodia that can melt fat 24/7.

  33. Glucofort Blood Sugar Support is an all-natural dietary formula that works to support healthy blood sugar levels. It also supports glucose metabolism. According to the manufacturer, this supplement can help users keep their blood sugar levels healthy and within a normal range with herbs, vitamins, plant extracts, and other natural ingredients.

  34. GlucoFlush Supplement is an all-new blood sugar-lowering formula. It is a dietary supplement based on the Mayan cleansing routine that consists of natural ingredients and nutrients.

  35. Gorilla Flow is a non-toxic supplement that was developed by experts to boost prostate health for men. It’s a blend of all-natural nutrients, including Pumpkin Seed Extract Stinging Nettle Extract, Gorilla Cherry and Saw Palmetto, Boron, and Lycopene.

  36. While Inchagrow is marketed as a dietary supplement, it is important to note that dietary supplements are regulated by the FDA. This means that their safety and effectiveness, and there is 60 money back guarantee that Inchagrow will work for everyone.

  37. GlucoCare is a dietary supplement designed to promote healthy blood sugar levels, manage weight, and curb unhealthy sugar absorption. It contains a natural blend of ingredients that target the root cause of unhealthy glucose levels.

  38. Nervogen Pro is a cutting-edge dietary supplement that takes a holistic approach to nerve health. It is meticulously crafted with a precise selection of natural ingredients known for their beneficial effects on the nervous system. By addressing the root causes of nerve discomfort, Nervogen Pro aims to provide lasting relief and support for overall nerve function.

  39. Introducing FlowForce Max, a solution designed with a single purpose: to provide men with an affordable and safe way to address BPH and other prostate concerns. Unlike many costly supplements or those with risky stimulants, we’ve crafted FlowForce Max with your well-being in mind. Don’t compromise your health or budget – choose FlowForce Max for effective prostate support today!

  40. FitSpresso stands out as a remarkable dietary supplement designed to facilitate effective weight loss. Its unique blend incorporates a selection of natural elements including green tea extract, milk thistle, and other components with presumed weight loss benefits.

  41. SonoVive is an all-natural supplement made to address the root cause of tinnitus and other inflammatory effects on the brain and promises to reduce tinnitus, improve hearing, and provide peace of mind. SonoVive is is a scientifically verified 10-second hack that allows users to hear crystal-clear at maximum volume. The 100% natural mix recipe improves the ear-brain link with eight natural ingredients. The treatment consists of easy-to-use pills that can be added to one’s daily routine to improve hearing health, reduce tinnitus, and maintain a sharp mind and razor-sharp focus.

  42. TerraCalm is an antifungal mineral clay that may support the health of your toenails. It is for those who struggle with brittle, weak, and discoloured nails. It has a unique blend of natural ingredients that may work to nourish and strengthen your toenails.

  43. Cortexi is an effective hearing health support formula that has gained positive user feedback for its ability to improve hearing ability and memory. This supplement contains natural ingredients and has undergone evaluation to ensure its efficacy and safety. Manufactured in an FDA-registered and GMP-certified facility, Cortexi promotes healthy hearing, enhances mental acuity, and sharpens memory.

  44. Sight Care is a daily supplement proven in clinical trials and conclusive science to improve vision by nourishing the body from within. The Sight Care formula claims to reverse issues in eyesight, and every ingredient is completely natural.

  45. Sight Care is a daily supplement proven in clinical trials and conclusive science to improve vision by nourishing the body from within. The Sight Care formula claims to reverse issues in eyesight, and every ingredient is completely natural.

  46. Kerassentials are natural skin care products with ingredients such as vitamins and plants that help support good health and prevent the appearance of aging skin. They’re also 100% natural and safe to use. The manufacturer states that the product has no negative side effects and is safe to take on a daily basis.

  47. GlucoBerry is one of the biggest all-natural dietary and biggest scientific breakthrough formulas ever in the health industry today. This is all because of its amazing high-quality cutting-edge formula that helps treat high blood sugar levels very naturally and effectively.

  48. BioFit is an all-natural supplement that is known to enhance and balance good bacteria in the gut area. To lose weight, you need to have a balanced hormones and body processes. Many times, people struggle with weight loss because their gut health has issues.

  49. Neotonics is an essential probiotic supplement that works to support the microbiome in the gut and also works as an anti-aging formula. The formula targets the cause of the aging of the skin.

  50. The Quietum Plus supplement promotes healthy ears, enables clearer hearing, and combats tinnitus by utilizing only the purest natural ingredients. Supplements are widely used for various reasons, including boosting energy, lowering blood pressure, and boosting metabolism.

  51. Erec Prime is a cutting-edge male enhancement formula with high quality raw ingredients designed to enhance erection quality and duration, providing increased stamina and a heightened libido.

  52. Prostadine is a dietary supplement meticulously formulated to support prostate health, enhance bladder function, and promote overall urinary system well-being. Crafted from a blend of entirely natural ingredients, Prostadine draws upon a recent groundbreaking discovery by Harvard scientists.

  53. Puravive introduced an innovative approach to weight loss and management that set it apart from other supplements. It enhances the production and storage of brown fat in the body, a stark contrast to the unhealthy white fat that contributes to obesity.

  54. t’s Time To Say Goodbye To All Your Bedroom Troubles And Enjoy The Ultimate Satisfaction And Give Her The Leg-shaking Orgasms. The Endopeak Is Your True Partner To Build Those Monster Powers In Your Manhood You Ever Craved For..

  55. With its all-natural ingredients and impressive results, Aizen Power supplement is quickly becoming a popular choice for anyone looking for an effective solution for improve sexual health with this revolutionary treatment.

  56. SightCare clears out inflammation and nourishes the eye and brain cells, improving communication between both organs. Consequently, you should expect to see results in as little as six months if you combine this with other healthy habits.

  57. Nervogen Pro, A Cutting-Edge Supplement Dedicated To Enhancing Nerve Health And Providing Natural Relief From Discomfort. Our Mission Is To Empower You To Lead A Life Free From The Limitations Of Nerve-Related Challenges. With A Focus On Premium Ingredients And Scientific Expertise.

  58. Claritox Pro™ is a natural dietary supplement that is formulated to support brain health and promote a healthy balance system to prevent dizziness, risk injuries, and disability. This formulation is made using naturally sourced and effective ingredients that are mixed in the right way and in the right amounts to deliver effective results.

  59. InchaGrow is an advanced male enhancement supplement. Discover the natural way to boost your sexual health. Increase desire, improve erections, and experience more intense orgasms.

  60. Illuderma is a groundbreaking skincare serum with a unique formulation that sets itself apart in the realm of beauty and skin health. What makes this serum distinct is its composition of 16 powerful natural ingredients.

  61. By taking two capsules of Abdomax daily, you can purportedly relieve gut health problems more effectively than any diet or medication. The supplement also claims to lower blood sugar, lower blood pressure, and provide other targeted health benefits.

  62. BioVanish a weight management solution that’s transforming the approach to healthy living. In a world where weight loss often feels like an uphill battle, BioVanish offers a refreshing and effective alternative. This innovative supplement harnesses the power of natural ingredients to support optimal weight management.

  63. Fast Lean Pro is a natural dietary aid designed to boost weight loss. Fast Lean Pro powder supplement claims to harness the benefits of intermittent fasting, promoting cellular renewal and healthy metabolism.

  64. Keratone is 100% natural formula, non invasive, and helps remove fungal build-up in your toe, improve circulation in capillaries so you can easily and effortlessly break free from toenail fungus.

  65. LeanBliss™ is a natural weight loss supplement that has gained immense popularity due to its safe and innovative approach towards weight loss and support for healthy blood sugar.

  66. Embrace the power of Red Boost™ and unlock a renewed sense of vitality and confidence in your intimate experiences. effects. It is produced under the most strict and precise conditions.

  67. LeanBiome is designed to support healthy weight loss. Formulated through the latest Ivy League research and backed by real-world results, it’s your partner on the path to a healthier you.

  68. Sight Care is a daily supplement proven in clinical trials and conclusive science to improve vision by nourishing the body from within. The SightCare formula claims to reverse issues in eyesight, and every ingredient is completely natural.

  69. BioFit is an all-natural supplement that is known to enhance and balance good bacteria in the gut area. To lose weight, you need to have a balanced hormones and body processes. Many times, people struggle with weight loss because their gut health has issues. https://biofitbuynow.us/

  70. Prostadine is a dietary supplement meticulously formulated to support prostate health, enhance bladder function, and promote overall urinary system well-being. Crafted from a blend of entirely natural ingredients, Prostadine draws upon a recent groundbreaking discovery by Harvard scientists. This discovery identified toxic minerals present in hard water as a key contributor to prostate issues. https://prostadinebuynow.us/

  71. Kerassentials are natural skin care products with ingredients such as vitamins and plants that help support good health and prevent the appearance of aging skin. They’re also 100% natural and safe to use. The manufacturer states that the product has no negative side effects and is safe to take on a daily basis. Kerassentials is a convenient, easy-to-use formula. https://kerassentialsbuynow.us/

  72. Puravive introduced an innovative approach to weight loss and management that set it apart from other supplements. It enhances the production and storage of brown fat in the body, a stark contrast to the unhealthy white fat that contributes to obesity. https://puravivebuynow.us/

  73. Sight Care is a daily supplement proven in clinical trials and conclusive science to improve vision by nourishing the body from within. The SightCare formula claims to reverse issues in eyesight, and every ingredient is completely natural.

  74. Endo Pump Male Enhancement works by increasing blood flow to the penis, which assist to achieve and maintain erections. This formula includes nitric oxide, a powerful vasodilator that widens blood vessels and improves circulation. Other key ingredients https://endopumpbuynow.us/

  75. Glucofort Blood Sugar Support is an all-natural dietary formula that works to support healthy blood sugar levels. It also supports glucose metabolism. According to the manufacturer, this supplement can help users keep their blood sugar levels healthy and within a normal range with herbs, vitamins, plant extracts, and other natural ingredients. https://glucofortbuynow.us/

  76. Cortexi is a completely natural product that promotes healthy hearing, improves memory, and sharpens mental clarity. Cortexi hearing support formula is a combination of high-quality natural components that work together to offer you with a variety of health advantages, particularly for persons in their middle and late years. https://cortexibuynow.us/

  77. I have not checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  78. Great read! The article is well-researched and insightful. Consider incorporating more visuals in your future articles for a more visually appealing presentation.

  79. Sumatra Slim Belly Tonic is an advanced weight loss supplement that addresses the underlying cause of unexplained weight gain. It focuses on the effects of blue light exposure and disruptions in non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep.

  80. Zeneara is marketed as an expert-formulated health supplement that can improve hearing and alleviate tinnitus, among other hearing issues. The ear support formulation has four active ingredients to fight common hearing issues. It may also protect consumers against age-related hearing problems.

  81. After exploring a few of the blog articles on your website, I
    really appreciate your technique of writing a blog. I book-marked it to my bookmark site list and will be
    checking back in the near future. Please visit my web site too and let me know your opinion.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *